This powerful tool has a scary reputation but is safe if operated correctly
It is important to take safety precautions before using a chainsaw
A chainsaw is potentially one of the most dangerous power tools. Before using one to remove dead or diseased trees, or to cut up ﬁrewood, take adequate precautions, wear correct safety gear and concentrate on the task.
SIZE isn’t everything, as for most DIYers a 400mm bar is plenty. Longer bars can get in the way with dangerous kickback possible. Check the maximum cut diameter for a good indication of what the saw can handle.
COST tends to indicate quality. More expensive saws generally have better components and will last longer.
SAFETY GEAR is a must. You need a helmet with face shield, hearing protection, leather gloves and special chainsaw chaps to shield your legs.
Estimate the felling zone
Trees are taller than they seem and reach farther on the ground than you’d expect, but you can use an axe to estimate how far the tree will fall.
Hold the axe upside down at arm’s length, with the head about shoulder height.
Walk towards or away from the tree until you can sight the treetop just over the handle end, and the base under the blade.
The treetop will land roughly where your feet are. This is just an estimate, so allow extra room if there’s something it might fall on.
Size up a tree
If there are any such branches or other debris high up, don’t cut down the tree yourself as these can become dislodged and fall on you.
Check how the tree leans, if at all, and whether it has many more branches on one side, since this is the direction it will fall.
If there are any buildings, fences, powerlines or other obstructions in the felling zone, avoid felling DIY and call a professional instead.
Check whether there are more branches on one side than the other to work out which way the tree will fall
Clear the cutting zone
They should be about 45º away from each other in opposite directions. The last thing you want is to trip while walking away from a falling tree.
Make sure the area around the tree is fully cleared before you begin cutting
Anatomy of a proper notch
The felling cut should be just above the apex of the notch and finish short of the notch, leaving an even uncut hinge to guide the rate and direction of fall of the tree.
Make the depth of the notch about one third the diameter of the trunk
Plan the notch
To mark the notch before cutting it, first sight along the handle of the chainsaw until it is pointing in the direction you want the tree to fall.
Keeping the saw in the same orientation, bring the bar up to the trunk. Where it touches the bark will be the centre of the notch.
Mark the notch at a comfortable working height using chalk or by scoring the bark with the chainsaw.
TIP You can shorten the stump after the tree has been felled.
It is important to mark the notch
Cut the notch
When making the lower cut, turn your hand to keep a firm hold on the rear handle, controlling the throttle with your thumb. If the second cut meets the first perfectly, the wedge will drop out.
If it does not, extend the upper cut and then the lower cut gradually until the wedge falls out.
The first and second cut should meet for the notch to fall out
Make the felling cut
Tap wedges into the back cut until the tree begins to lean. Pull the saw free and walk away along one of the escape routes, keeping an eye on the tree so you can react if it deviates from the planned direction of fall.
Clearing the trunk
Stand on the uphill side of the trunk in case it starts to roll and rest the saw against the trunk to pivot the bar through the branch.
Remove the branches as soon as they’re cut so you won’t trip on them.
Step 1. Make a downward cut
To cut off parts that are pressing against the ground, start by cutting downward through one-third of the branch.
2. Finish the cut
Saw upward from below to meet the first cut. Be prepared for the trunk to roll or drop, even before you’ve cut all the way through.
Free a pinched blade
A chainsaw can become pinched if you cut too far through a branch that is supporting the trunk. The cut will close, tightening and clamping around the bar and chain.
If this happens, stop the engine immediately and use a stout branch or fencing bar as a lever to lift the trunk and take pressure off the branch, opening up the cut to free the saw.
Lever the branch free if the blade of the chainsaw becomes pinched
Saw the trunk into firewood
When cutting a log into 400mm lengths for ﬁrewood, first cut three-quarters of the way through, then if it is resting on the ground, roll it over to complete the cut from the other side.
If the log has a 70 to 150mm gap underneath, you can cut the whole way through, but keep the bar parallel to the ground.
As you near the end of the cut, ﬁnish with the base of the saw engine resting ﬂat on the ground to prevent the the chain from accidentally hitting the dirt.
Start by going only three-quarters of the way through a trunk when cutting for firewood
S harpen a blade
Others are bench mounted with a grinding disc to ﬁle the cutting edge of each tooth in turn as the chain is fed over a guide bar.
TIP Chains can be sharpened professionally for about $10.
Most modern saws feature tool-free tensioning systems, but older models may need to be adjusted using a screwdriver and wrench.
On modern chainsaws, the bar can be loosened using a locking wheel on the clutch cover. A knurled dial is then turned to adjust the chain tension.
The bar on modern chainsaws can be altered using a locking wheel
Check if the chain is blunt
It only takes a moment to dull the blade if you touch the ground with the chain, saw muddy wood or hit a nail.
If the chain is sharp, the woodchip from the saw will have a rough texture. The teeth need sharpening when the chainsaw begins to eject fine sawdust instead of coarse chips.
If the chain is sharp, the woodchip from the saw will have a rough texture.
Tips for safe chainsawing
WEAR full safety gear.
FILL the chainsaw with petrol before beginning a cut to avoid running out halfway through.
ENSURE the chainsaw is always full of chain and bar oil.
ONCE you start working, don’t take a break until the tree is down.
NEVER cut on a breezy day, as the force of the wind can cause the tree to fall in an unplanned direction.
THE COLDER MONTHS are a good time to fell deciduous trees, as they are easier to cut up when they are free of leaves.
WRAP the thumb of your left hand around the front handle with your right hand firmly on the trigger handle.
STAY AWAY from hollowed-out trees, especially if they’re big. They are unpredictable and dangerous to fell.
Never use a chainsaw alone
Always keep a mobile phone on hand, and ideally enlist the help of a trusted assistant who can stand a few metres away and monitor the top of the tree for falling branches.
They can also alert you to vacate the area via one of the planned escape routes once the tree starts to fall.
Ensure helpers move away from the felling area once you start cutting at a distance at least twice the height of the tree.
Beware of kickback
Chainsaws can potentially cause terrible injuries. Most of these are caused by kickback, which occurs when the upper part of the blade tip comes in contact with something it can’t immediately cut, such as metal or a rock, while the chain is moving.
This throws the blade upwards and towards you with great speed and force. The hand guard normally has an integrated chain brake that locks on in the event of kickback.
Even if the chain stops, the bar is hurled so violently upwards if kickback occurs that it can still cause severe injury, so prevention is the only way to ensure safety.